University Life Café

The Bookshelf → Phobias

Preview Points

  • Phobias are irrational or excessive fears that do not represent an actual, genuine danger.
  • Phobias may be imaginary. They may be irrationally exaggerated.
  • By contrast, fear is a normal response to real danger.
  • Some common phobias involve phobic reactions to animals, spiders, activities, social situations, or textures.
  • Phobias generally fall into three types: social phobias, specific phobias, and a generalized fear of leaving home or “agoraphobia.”
  • Recognizing phobias may be helpful to address them.
  • Phobias affect people of all ages and life situations.



  • Feelings of dread or terror
  • Recognition that the phobia goes beyond reasonable fear for the situation
  • Uncontrollable fear reactions
  • Physiological fear reactions
  • Extreme measures to avoid the feared situation or object of phobia


Phobias are thought to arise from a combination of external events and internal predispositions.
Phobias should be addressed professionally, particularly if that phobia interferes with daily living.

Concluding Points

  • Phobias may focus on social situations, specific phobias, and a generalized fear of leaving home.
  • Phobias that interfere with daily life should be treated.
  • Phobias are treatable.


Let’s talk facts about phobias. (2005). American Psychiatric Association.
“Phobia.” (2008, Dec.) Wikipedia. Retrieved Dec. 4, 2008, at

Download attached file, 85.7 KB


There are no comments. Perhaps you'd like to start a discussion below?

Add a comment

You must sign in to leave comments. If you don't have an account, register now!